It is no surprise that the horizon of population growth in India, combined with sanitation and waste issues, is setting up the country for long term problems dealing with environmental hazards and natural disasters. According to the website for Indian Embassies Abroad, currently 50% of India’s total population falls into the age category of 0-25 years old. Concluding that this age group is India’s largest, the problems of a rapidly growing population will worsen as the population continues to grow at the current rate. In India today, there are 52 births a minute. In 1947, there were 350 million people living in India. Today, India’s population is an astonishing 1.22 billion. This rapid increase creates strains and problematic needs on the current environment, natural resources, and citizens of India. For comparative reasons, U.S. Census clock shows that the population of the United States is 313 million. India has problems with population sanitation and waste removable unfathomable by the 50 states. A whopping 65% of India’s land is harmed or polluted in some way due to human contamination. The difference in Government regulations and sanitation systems in place is quite different when comparing the United States and India. This fact does not separate the human rights that should be protected for both American and Indian citizens. Everyone should have access to clean food and drinking water free of contamination. Nearly 30% of India’s gross agricultural output is lost every year due to soil degradation, poor land management and counter productive irrigation. This means that only 70% of all the food grown is able to make it to consumption. The food crisis that has developed for the poor will get worse with the increase in waste, agriculturally unusable land will increase with more pollution, and less gross agricultural output will worsen the food crisis in India.
With India facing yearly scares of floods, mudslides, and resource depletion, the effects of disasters can amount to more damage as the environment is changes. India needs to tighten pollution standards, create better methods for trash and waste removal, and prepare itself for natural disasters.
Author: Daniel Finegan